Mental disorder are health conditions that affect the functionality of the brain and emotions, causing distress and other challenges that affect a person’s life on a daily basis. The cause for mental disorders is still unknown but medical researchers found that it is influenced by psychological, genetic, environmental and biological factors.
Here is a list of some mental health disorders;
- Clinical Depression
Clinical depression is a mental health disorder that affects a person’s ability to perform their daily activities. It is known to be the most severe form of depression because it is more persistent than depression caused by loss or a medical condition. Symptoms of people suffering from clinical depression range from insomnia, loss of interest in things that were once pleasurable, to feeling helpless and battling suicidal thoughts or attempts.
Schizophrenia is a severe chronic mental disorder that affects the way a person behaves, thinks and feels. People diagnosed with schizophrenia lose touch with reality and display psychotic behaviour. Schizophrenic symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, agitated body movements, reduced speaking, incoherent speech, inability to understand information and make decisions, etc.
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
Autism is a developmental disorder that affects behaviour and communication. People with autism have difficulty interacting with other people. They also have restricted and limited interests.
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
OCD is a chronic anxiety disorder where a person has uncontrollable and recurring obsessive thoughts and behaviour. Symptoms range from fear of germs or contamination, aggressive thoughts towards themselves or others, having things in a symmetrical order etc.
- Eating Disorders
Eating disorders are serious, chronic, life-threatening conditions if left untreated. They primarily affect females and take root during adolescent years. There are 3 different types of eating disorders;